“Two-headed animal-shaped earrings” are unique ancient jewelry, considered to be the characteristics of the “Sa Huynh culture” in the metallic era in the Central Coast of Vietnam. The discovery of this antiquity in the archaeological relics of Southeast Asia such as in Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand … is a reliable sign that the exchanges and spread of this famous culture. However, up to now, the largest and most unique collection of animal-shaped earrings in the “jars ruins” in the area of Sac Can Gio – Ho Chi Minh City has been provided to researchers. New knowledge about this ancient jewelry is also known about jars burial in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.
Can Gio district is located in the southeast of Ho Chi Minh City, is an estuarine-bay delta newly formed about 6000-5,000 years ago. The low-lying plain surface is covered with mangrove vegetation, divided again by a tangled river system. On this complex terrain, a system of archaeological relics has been discovered, excavated and initially researched. Traces of early human habitation in these mounds have made the ecological and humanistic environment in the Southeast coastal region unique, different from other mangroves, where merely natural encroachment.
At two archaeological sites Giong Ca Vo and Giong Phet, a large jars were discovered. Most of the tombs in the jars are preserved quite intact, the burial method is to bury the dead with the posture of sitting in the jars. In the jars there are also thousands of relics that are buried objects made of stone, glass, metal, mollusk shells, ceramics … which are extremely diverse in types, styles, colors, in which the outstanding is the collection of The two-headed animal-shaped earrings were made from ancient times by Nephrite jade and glass. Through two excavations and many surveys, up to now, 30 of these earrings have been found. Two animal-shaped earrings in the Can Gio area can be found in 3 styles:
– Type 1: Soft curved shape, the strap is usually round, short – with a cut right next to the body. The animal’s face is hatched, the horns are usually shorter than the hook. Most templates are of this type.
– Type 2: Designed with broken right angle, square hook, rising high. The animal face is usually small, gay, with long horns approximately a hook. No glass specimens of this type were found.
– Type 3: Only 1 only. The thin and flat shape depicts one side of the animal’s face with its broad body tapering upward, made of Nephrite gemstone, which looks like a “rock day”. This is a design discovered for the first time.
If in the relics of Sa Huynh culture and other places, the two-headed animal earrings are usually found individually in the jars, then at the Giong Ca Vo burial area there are 6 graves, 1 pairs (2 pieces) in each grave. Two-headed animal-shaped earrings were buried in a graveyard of earth – an unprecedented phenomenon. In particular, in a jars, a blue jade animal-shaped animal-head earring located close to the left ear of the skull is quite intact, very neat and in right posture when worn on the ear. .